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Joint replacement surgery is the removal of damaged or diseased part of a joint, after which they are replaced with synthetic parts. The aim of this surgery is to reduce pain and restore mobility and function.
Hip and knee replacements are the most common types of joint replacement surgery. Other joints that can be replaced include shoulders, fingers, ankles, and elbows.
Fracture Care and Trauma
Orthopaedic trauma care involves the treatment of fractures which occur at the same time as other injuries. This type of injury often results from an accident, such as a fall or car accident.
Treatment depends on the type of fracture and the severity of the injury. A simple break may be treated with a sling, ice, and rest. In more complicated injuries, the bone may require realignment in the emergency room. Surgery may also be required to realign the broken bone or to implant wires, plates, nails or screws to maintain proper alignment during healing.
Hand surgery covers many different types of procedures. Plastic surgeons may perform hand surgery to restore hand and finger function or to make the hand look as normal as possible after an injury or disease.
Common reasons for hand surgery include physical damage from injury, congenital disorders, rheumatoid joint injuries (arthritis), tendon repair, nerve repair, joint replacement, or carpal tunnel release.
Shoulder surgery is often used to treat a frozen or a dislocated shoulder, rotator cuff injuries, or a fracture of the shoulder blade (scapula).
A physical examination is used to assess swelling, tenderness, range of motion, strength or weakness, instability, and/or deformity of the shoulder to determine if surgery is necessary.
X-rays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may also help assess soft tissues in the shoulder. Computed tomography (CT) scan may be used to evaluate the bony parts of the shoulder.
Hip replacement is one of the most common surgical procedures. The hip joint is replaced by a prosthetic implant and can be performed as a total replacement or a hemi replacement. This surgery may be a choice after a hip fracture or for severe pain because of arthritis.
Hip replacement surgery is usually done when all other treatment options have failed. The procedure aims to relieve a painful hip joint, restoring function and mobility. Recovery includes pain medication and physical therapy.
Also known as knee arthroplasty, knee replacement surgery aims to relieve pain and restore function in severely diseased knee joints. A surgeon will cut away damaged bone and cartilage and replace it with an artificial joint (prosthesis) made of metal alloys, high-grade plastics and polymers.
An orthopedic surgeon assesses your knee's range of motion, stability and strength to determine if knee replacement surgery is necessary. X-rays help determine the extent of current knee damage.
Foot and Ankle Injuries
The most common ankle injuries are sprains and fractures, which involve ligaments and bones in the ankle, but may also involve a torn or strained tendon.
Physical examination or an X-ray may determine whether there are any broken bones. X-rays of the leg and foot may also be taken to determine whether there may be other related injuries.
Pain can often be controlled with an over-the-counter medication such as acetaminophen or another nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug such as ibuprofen as well as ice and compression.
Back surgery may be considered if traditional treatments haven't worked and pain is persistent and disabling. Examples of injuries that may require surgery include herniated or ruptured disks, degenerative disk disease, spinal or tumors.
Medical imaging techniques, such as CT or MRI, are used to evaluate the current condition of the spine to determine if surgery is needed. Minimally invasive surgeries are becoming more common as a way to replace open surgery, which involves making a long incision along the spine.
If you have a life-threatening or severe injury, call 911 or go directly to the nearest hospital emergency room.